Our research will delve into what we call “cellular physics,” which involves using physical models to describe the cell’s biochemical processes. We’ll employ microscopy and spectroscopy to measure the mechanical and optical properties of cells, thereby gaining insights into their elasticity and chemical composition. This experimental data will then inform computational models designed to propose and test new hypotheses about cell function. By combining numerical and experimental methods, we can gather comprehensive information about global and local cell properties, enabling us to understand the physical mechanisms associated with various biological functions within the cell. While our primary goal is to advance basic science, our findings could potentially lay the groundwork for future technological innovations to treat diseases linked to cellular disorders, such as cancer and infections.